Dushanbe and Northern Tajikistan
Arrival to Dushanbe, afternoon visit to the Gissar fortress
Today full day in Dushanbe.
Drive to Iskander-Kul lake (Alexander Lake), purl of Fan mountains
Drive to the Penjikent –V century Sogdian city, visit Sarazm-5000 year old excavation site.
Drive to the Istaravshan (Kiropolis) city. City tour and visit of local bazaar.
Today drive to the Khudjand city, center of Sugd region. City tour
Transfer to Khudjand airport, connect to flight to Dushanbe or transfer to the
Tajik-Uzbek border, continue tour into Uzbekistan
List of Highlights
sightseeing, driving to the Varzob gorge, visiting the fortress of 18 century called Hissor, excursions to the museums of capital, where you can see 16 meters Buda in nirvana, going to the native Bazar, visiting most beautiful parts of capital.
lake of Alexander the Great, short hiking to the waterfall, and to the small lakes which surround village.
The ethnic and territorial name "Soghd/Soghdian" or Sughd/Sughdian was mentioned in history as early as the Iranian Achaemenid Dynasty (6th century BCE). The Achaemenids founded several city-states, as well as cities along the ancient Silk road and in the Zarafshan valley
Istravshan (Kiropolis City), Mazori-Sharif Muslim pilgrim mosque, Known from the 14th century Timurids as Ura-Tube, the old part of the city retains its traditional layout from this time.
Upon arrival city tour, Archeological excavations around the walls have uncovered artifacts from the 4th century BC. Continue with the Muslihiddin complex. 12th century leader and poet Muslihiddin Khudjandi is buried here in the Muslihiddin memorial complex and Panjshambe bazaar.
Khodjent is an ancient Central Asian city. It is also the second largest city in Tajikistan, situated in the northern part of the country on the Sirdarya River in the Ferganskaya Valley. The city was founded by Alexander the Great about 2500 years ago. According to the Greek sources, in 329 B.C. on the Yaksart (today’s Sirdarya) River he founded a fortress that had to be frontier of his empire. Then thanks to its good geographical location, it was actively populated and turned into big for that time city, which was known as Alexandria Eskhata. Precise location of the ancient city was unknown till the middle of the 20th century, when the scientists acknowledged that Khodjent of the 4th century B.C. and Alexandria Eskhata are identical. The scientists made also an assumption that Alexandria Eskhata was based on the territory of the city center called Archaic Khodjent, which had already existed on the left bank of the Sirdarya when army of Alexander the Great came there.
In the Middle Age a boundary between Bukhara emirate and Kokand khanate passed over Khodjent. Thus for many decades Khodjent was an apple of discord between these states. At that time the Great Silk Road was flourishing and Khodjent, being located on the road from China to Europe, gained strategic significance as an important trade center. In 1866 it was joined to Russia and internal wars have stopped. Later there was formed Khodjent district amounting to the Uzbek SSR, but in 1929 this district and the city were handed over to the Tajik SSR. Since January, 9 1936 Khodjent used to be named Leninabad (in the name of V.I.Lenin). Under this name the city was till 1990, when its historical name Khodjent was restored.
At present the city is a big industrial and culture center of Tajikistan. Modern Khodjent is cozy, green city with numerous parks and public gardens, historical and cultural memorials. Among main sightseeing is the renowned Panchshanbe market (translated from Tajik means "Thursday" – in old days there was brisk trade), one of the largest covered markets in Central Asia. Not far from the market is situated an architecture complex – a mosque and mausoleum of Muslikhiddin Sheikh. Unfortunately, the mausoleum is not intact: there are only several fragments of the building of the 11-12th centuries.
In the middle of the northern part of Khodjent, several decades meters from the Sirdarya River is situated a fortress of about 7-8th cc. B.C. The fortress occupied an area of 300x200m. and was surrounded by a strong wall. There were many armed attacks on the city and as result it was destroyed. In the early 18th century the fortress was partly reconstructed, and at present the Museum of archeology and fortification is situated on its territory.
In the eastward direction of Khodjent is located the Kayrakumskoe storage pool ("The Tajik sea"). Its name comes from the word "kayrakkum" meaning "stone desert". The "sea" is a result of stopping up the Sirdarya River by the130m long concrete dam of the Kayrakarumskaya hydroelectric power station. The storage pool is 65 km long and from 8 to 20 km wide. Mild climate, rarely beautiful nature and mirror-like surface of the storage pool create the necessary prerequisites for development of active tourism: speed-boating, fishing, tours to the places of archeological excavations. Several attractive health centers and vacation resorts with appropriate infrastructure (among them is "The Tajik sea" tourist base) are situated on the storage pool’s coast.
Pendjikent city is situated in the valley of the Zarafshan river, 68 km south-east of Samarkand and 320 km south-west of Khodjikent. In the south-east outskirts of today’s Pendjikent are situated ruins of an ancient Sogd town of the same name, which is a unique monument of Central Asia culture. This town existed in 5-8th cc. B.C. and was called "Central Asian Pompeii". It is one of not many well studied ancient towns of Sogd.
Style and technique of Pendjikent culture is near to art of other ancient Central Asian towns Afrasiab, Varakhsha, Shakhristan as well as towns of Iran, Afghanistan and India. In Pendjikent was found great number of pottery and metal fabrics, several thousands of Arabian and Sogdian bronze and silver coins. Unique monuments of Sogd decorative art –wall drawings, mud and wooden sculptures were found here
Fan Mountains in Tajikistan, as varied as the colors and shapes of the mountains are so colorful are also the costumes of the people who live here experience the gigantic mountains.. crystal clear lakes, mighty glaciers and flowering meadows full openness grant the Tajiks, who regard every stranger as a friend, an insight into their rural life, their customs and habits Chusch. Omaded: Be welcome!In the cities you stay in hotels under its common in middle-class or best private hotels and family pensions with convenient features for us. Please compare the comfort and sanitation districts not with Western European standards. Along the way you will find some places simple conditions.
Tajikistan is in the dry subtropical zone. This is an extreme continental climate with cold winters and hot summers. The temperatures reached in the summer months, up to 45 ° C. Between the lower and the higher regions of the country, there are large differences in temperature. The annual rainfall is relatively low so that steppe vegetation dominates.
The very different climatic conditions according to you need both light and warm, windproof and waterproof clothing. For the trek you need stable, solid trekking shoes with good grip.
Dates and number of participants
Duration 8 days
Number of participants 1-20
Best season: from beginning of April till the end of October